Global Discourses of Nature and Sustainability. Will Green Open a New Inequality Gap?

Enrique Aliste

Universidad de Chile


Many recent discourses focus on nature, landscape and “green” as a very important concept and source of wellbeing. Green is at the heart of future desires, it shapes the new global ideas and public policies, and it affects the accountability of the private sector. Today, an important part of the performance of investments is linked to the idea of sustainability, climate change commitment and good practices with communities. And one of the key actions for this commitment is the protection of nature.


On the other hand, however, one of the most important processes in the global Souths is land grabbing for ecological reasons (or “green grabbing”), where important national and transnational investment funds buy great plots of land at the end of the world, for e.g. in Patagonia.


In these scenarios, what kind of consequences can be expected for the future of the global Souths? Who manages these actions and for what purpose? What kind of geography are we producing for the future global era of sustainable development and climate change actions? What scenarios can be predicted for the global Souths in this context?


This is not a skeptical approach to climate change adaptation or sustainable discourses: it is a call for discussing, reflecting and thinking beyond the present for the future of the global Souths.


Keywords: green economy; global change; social geography, development imaginary, global Souths, hegemonic discourses, “eco-extractivism”.