(Turin, 11 March 1947) is an Italian economist, historian and academic.
Graduated in Economics with a thesis in Economic History at the University of Turin in 1971, he obtained a specialization in Ergonomics in 1972. He taught and carried out research at the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1992-1993 and in 1995-1996, as well as at the Autonomous University of Barcelona in 1988-1989 and the University of Buenos Aires. He was professor of economic history at the University of Milan, where he also taught political economy and cultural analysis of organizational processes.
He has worked with research, training and consulting tasks at Olivetti and Eni. He has carried out consultancy assignments at numerous other companies. From 1996 to 2002 he was member of the Board of Directors of Eni. From 2000 to 2001 he was President of the Monte dei Paschi di Siena Foundation. From 2002 to 2009 he was member of the Board of Directors of Unicredit Banca d’Impresa.
He has been a member of several scientific committees of companies, foundations and institutes. From 1993 to 1995 he was the Italian representative of Transparency International, an organization that fights economic corruption. Since 2002 he is among the members of the World Petroleum Council, an international non-governmental organization with the aim of promoting the use and sustainable management of world oil resources. Since 2003 he is a member of the OECD International Board for Non-Profit. He is a contributor to Corriere della Sera and IlSussidiario.net.
In May 2018 his name was included in the media among the potential candidates for the office of Prime Minister of the 5 Star Movement and Lega party, at that time engaged in negotiations to form the first government of the XVIII legislature of the Italian Republic.